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CHUNAVPEDIA

India’s Free Political Encyclopedia.

A collaborative repository of India’s political knowledgebase and election stories.

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The 1966 New York City smog (November 23–26) was an air-pollution event, with damaging levels of carbon monoxide, sulfurdioxide, smoke and haze. Coming during the Thanksgiving holiday weekend, it was the third major smog in New York City, after a similar event in 1953 (pictured) and another in 1963. Leaders of local and state governments announced an alert and asked residents and industry to take voluntary steps to minimize emissions. Health officials advised people with respiratory or heart conditions to stay indoors. The alert ended after a cold front dispersed the smog. (Full article...)

Cover Story


The 1966 New York City smog (November 23–26) was an air-pollution event, with damaging levels of carbon monoxide, sulfurdioxide, smoke and haze. Coming during the Thanksgiving holiday weekend, it was the third major smog in New York City, after a similar event in 1953 (pictured) and another in 1963. Leaders of local and state governments announced an alert and asked residents and industry to take voluntary steps to minimize emissions. Health officials advised people with respiratory or heart conditions to stay indoors. The alert ended after a cold front dispersed the smog. It was an environmental disaster with severe public health effects, including 168 deaths, according to a statistical analysis. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. With support from presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon, a series of bills and amendments aimed at regulating air pollution culminated in the 1967 Air Quality Act and the 1970 Clean Air Act. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. With support from presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon, a series of bills and amendments aimed at regulating air pollution culminated in the 1967 Air Quality Act and the 1970 Clean Air Act. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. (Full article...)

Past Perfect


The 1966 New York City smog (November 23–26) was an air-pollution event, with damaging levels of carbon monoxide, sulfurdioxide, smoke and haze. Coming during the Thanksgiving holiday weekend, it was the third major smog in New York City, after a similar event in 1953 (pictured) and another in 1963. Leaders of local and state governments announced an alert and asked residents and industry to take voluntary steps to minimize emissions. Health officials advised people with respiratory or heart conditions to stay indoors. The alert ended after a cold front dispersed the smog. It was an environmental disaster with severe public health effects, including 168 deaths, according to a statistical analysis. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. With support from presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon, a series of bills and amendments aimed at regulating air pollution culminated in the 1967 Air Quality Act and the 1970 Clean Air Act. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. With support from presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon, a series of bills and amendments aimed at regulating air pollution culminated in the 1967 Air Quality Act and the 1970 Clean Air Act. The smog catalyzed greater national awareness of air pollution as a serious health problem, and became a political issue. (Full article...)

Did You Know


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Constituency : Almora

The Almora seat is reserved for Schedule Caste (SC) category. The Almora constituency consists of following Assembly constituencies- Dharchula, Didihat, Pithoragarh, Gangolihat (SC), Kapkote, Bageshwar (SC), Dwarahat, Salt, Ranikhet, Someshwar (SC), Almora, Jageshwar, Lohagat and Champawat.
The Almora seat was held by INC until 1991 when BJP took the seat. The BJP continued to hold the seat from 1991 until 2009, when INC regained power.[1]

Constituency : Andaman And Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is inhabited for thousands of years and some of the islands contain world's oldest isolated tribes. Administratively, the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has three revenue Districts-South Andaman, North and Middle Andaman, and Nicobar.[1]

Constituency : Autonomous District

The Autonomous district constituency of Assam consists of two districts, namely Dima Hasao; home to the Dimasa people, and Karbi Anglong; home to the Karbi people. The district is reserved for the Scheduled Caste (SC) category. In 2014, five candidates, each from BJP, INC, CPI (ML) and JMM contested for the seat. The seat was initially the stronghold of Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC). They retained the seat in the 1991, 1996, 1998 and 1999 elections. It was captured by the Congress in 2004 and 2009. Biren Singh Engti was the sitting MP in 2014 elections. The assembly constituencies in this seat are Haflong (ST), Bokajan (ST), Howraghat (ST), Diphu (ST) and Baithalangso (ST).

Constituency : Bangalore Central

Bangalore Central Lok Sabha seat consists of the following assembly seats: Sarvagnanagar, C.V. Raman Nagar (SC), Shivajinagar, Shanti Nagar, Gandhi Nagar, Rajaji Nagar, Chamrajpet and Mahadevapura (SC).
The constituency seat was Formed in 2008 and it covers eight assembly segments of the central part of Bangalore Urban area. The seat has been a BJP stronghold; P C Mohan of the BJP was the sitting MP during the 2014 elections.

Constituency : Bangalore North

Bangalore Rural Lok Sabha seat of Bangalore North consists of the following assembly seats: K.R.Pura, Byatarayanapura, Yeshvanthapura, Dasarahalli, Mahalakshmi Layout, Malleshwaram, Hebbal and Pulakeshinagar (SC).
The constituency seat covers eight assembly segments in the northern part of the metropolitan Bangalorethe Silicon Valley of India. It was a Congress stronghold for a long time until the BJP started winning the seat from 2004. D B Chandre Gowda was the sitting MP during the 2014 elections.

Constituency : Bangalore Rural

Bangalore Rural Lok Sabha seat consists of the following assembly seats: Kunigal, Rajarajeshwarinagar, Bangalore South, Anekal (SC), Magadi, Ramanagaram, Kanakapura and Channapatna.
The constituency covers parts of Bangalore, Ramanagaram and Tumkur districts in Karnataka. It was formed in 2008 after the implementation of the delimitation of the parliamentary constituencies report. H D Kumaraswamy of the Janata Dal (Secular) was the first MP in 2009. However, his resignation in 2013 urged for a by-poll in the constituency in which D K Suresh of the Congress won.